Henry David Thoreau was an American writer, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, essayist, and poet. A leading transcendentalist, he believed in social equality, spiritual self-improvement, closeness to nature and freedom from material interests. “Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience” is a complex of two essays, published in 1854. Despising the America's growing commercialism and industrialism, Thoreau built a small home for himself on Walden Pond, and spent more than two years there. The major part, called “Walden”, dedicated to author’s reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings. 'Civil Disobedience' expresses his anti slavery and anti war sentiments, that will influence later nonviolent resistance movements worldwide. Enjoy the reading.