Edgar Allan Poe (Jan 19, 1809 – Oct 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor, and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre, and is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre. Poe and his works influenced literature in the United States and around the world He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career. "The Pit and the Pendulum" is a short story. The author describes his experience of being excruciation. The story is especially effective at inspiring fear in the reader because of its heavy focus on the senses, such as sound, assignment its reality, unlike many of Poe's stories which are aided by the supernatural. Read the story to know it!