Carlo Lorenzini, better known by the pen name Carlo Collodi (Nov 24, 1826 – Oct 26, 1890), was an Italian children's writer known for the world-renowned novel The Adventures of Pinocchio. Collodi was born in Florence,he had 10 other siblings but 7 died at a young age. During the Italian wars of Independence in 1848 and 1860 Collodi served as a volunteer with the Tuscan army. Lorenzini had won fame in 1856 with his novel In vapore. In 1875, he entered the children's literature with translations of French fairy tales by Perrault. Lorenzini became fascinated by the idea of using an amiable, rascally character as a means of expressing his own convictions through allegory.
In 1880 he began writing The adventures of Ppinocchio. It is about an animated puppet named Pinocchio and his father, a poor woodcarver named Geppetto. It is considered a canonical piece of children's literature and has inspired hundreds of new editions, stage plays and movies, such as Walt Disney's iconic version and commonplace ideas such as a liar's long nose.