Samuel Butler was an English novelist, essayist, and critic whose works foreshadowed the collapse of the Victorian illusion of eternal progress. From an early age the young Samuel was expected to follow the family path into the Church and, as a result, Butler looked back on his childhood as a period of domestic confinement, oppression and misery. Butler belonged to no literary school, and spawned no followers during his lifetime. His controversial assertions shut him out from both of the opposing factions of church and science which played a large role in late Victorian cultural life.
The “Luck or Cunning, as the Main Means of Organic Modification” is Butler’s final attempt to refute the arguments of Darwinism and its main supporters. The author is trying to reduce the complexity of evolutionary theory to the simple ideas. But the real emphasis of Butler’s book lay in his personal animosity towards Darwin and his followers. A special writing manner will carry the audience to a completely different perspective on the fundamental scientific theories!