Annotation Daniel Defoe (1660-1731) was a prolific English writer, who is mostly known for the adventure novel 'The adventures Of Robinson Crusoe'. Defoe was a tradesman but many trading campaigns he took part in, went bankrupt. Daniel Defoe now is considered one of those writers who influenced the development of novel as the genre in England. Besides novels Defoe also wrote political pamphlets and worked as a journalist writing on a great variety of topics. In his pamphlets he defended the individual liberty and the freedom of speech. 'A Journal Od The Plague Year' is a historical novel first published 1722. The novel represents the experience of survival during the Great Plague in London in 1665, which was put in the form of a novel. Defoe was only five years old then and the book itself was published unders the signature H.F. As some researches think, that means 'Henry Foe' — Daniel's Uncle, whose diaries were used as the material of the novel. The book is full of carefully written descriptions that help readers to soak up the atmosphere of that time.